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posted Apr 11, 2022

Impact of Trails Hub

Everything you need to know about the positive impact of trails on health, environment, economics, and more.

posted Oct 26, 2023

Bridging the Urban-Rural Economic Divide

It’s time for the narrative to shift from urban vs. rural to a shared economic future. Bridging the economic divide between urban and rural areas will require states, regions and localities to understand and bolster the relationship between urban and rural areas in economically meaningful and strategic ways.


posted Oct 19, 2023

Great Allegheny Passage Economic Impact Report

by Great Allegheny Passage Conservancy

This report was developed by Fourth Economy in partnership with the Great Allegheny Passage Conservancy (formerly the Allegheny Trail Alliance). Research was conducted between the fall of 2020 and the spring of 2021.


posted Feb 14, 2023

2022 CDT Small Business Survey

by Continental Divide Trail Coalition

From August to December 2021, the Continental Divide Trail Coalition surveyed 136 small business owners in 38 communities located along the Continental Divide Trail to learn more about how the Continental Divide Trail impacts their businesses, the local economy, and their support for public lands.


posted Oct 25, 2021

Economic Impact of Parks

by National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA)

An Examination of the Economic Impacts of Operations and Capital Spending by Local Park and Recreation Agencies on the U.S. Economy


posted Jun 23, 2021

The Future of the Outdoor Recreation Economy - Headwaters Economics

by Headwaters Economics

The future for outdoor recreation. To continue building a robust future for outdoor recreation, the outdoor sector needs investments in outdoor infrastructure, businesses that support collaboration and sustainable growth, a talent pipeline to build a skilled workforce, and marketing resources that ensure quality and equity.


posted Feb 16, 2021

Submit Your Project to the Trails Move People Survey

This survey aims to quantify the capacity of the trails community to build, maintain, and develop trails now, and to provide input to GAOA and LWCF funding.


posted Feb 12, 2021

Promoting Parks and Recreation’s Role in Economic Development

by National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA)

This study builds on previous NRPA research on the economic importance of local park and recreation agencies by exploring the role that quality park amenities play in 21st century regional economic development.


posted Dec 22, 2020

Economic Impacts of Mountain Biking and Bike Trail Events and Festivals in West Virginia

WVU Extension Service Working Paper on how mountain biking and mountain biking facilities can bring an array of benefits to rural communities.


posted Dec 22, 2020

Assessment of the Effects of Mountain Biking

The purpose of this co-learning plan was to identify the relationships that have added to the development of the sport of mountain biking as an ecotourism economy in the Marquette area.


posted Dec 22, 2020

Adapting to the New Economy: The Impacts of Mountain Bike Tourism in Oakridge, Oregon

Oakridge provides but one example of a rural community experiencing economic and social decline.


posted Dec 22, 2020

Economic & Health Benefits of Bicycling in Iowa

by Iowa Bicycle Coalition

This study identifies the economic and health impacts of bicycling in Iowa.


posted Dec 22, 2020

The Economic Benefits of Mountain Biking at One of Its Meccas: An Application of the Travel Cost Method to Mountain Biking in Moab, Utah

This 1997 paper estimates the value of a relatively new form of recreation: mountain biking. Its popularity has resulted in many documented conflicts, and its value must be estimated so an informed decision regarding trail allocation can be made. A travel cost model (TCM) is used to estimate the economic benefits, measured by consumer surplus, to the users of mountain bike trails near Moab, Utah.