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published May 2020

Improving the Sustainability of the Appalachian Trail

by U.S. Geological Survey

The Appalachian National Scenic Trail (A.T.) is a unique internationally recognized protected natural area encompassing more than 250,000 acres and a 2,190-mile footpath from Maine to Georgia.


published Nov 2001

Indiana Trails Study: A Study of Trails in Six Indiana Cities

The six study trail sites were selected to reflect differing community populations, geographic locations, trail development-funding methods, trail types and community types. The common parameter for trail selection was that the trail had to be operating for longer than two years.


published May 2011

Informal and Formal Trail Monitoring Protocols and Baseline Conditions

by U.S. Geological Survey

This research developed and applied state-of-the-art trail condition assessment and monitoring procedures and applied them to the park’s formal and informal (visitor-created) trails.


published Jun 2018

Investigating the Thru-hiker Experience: A Study on the Pacific Northwest National Scenic Trail

The phenomena of thru-hiking has been on a dramatic rise, spurring hikers to venture onto increasingly remote and challenging trails over extended periods of time. Despite the recent popularity of thru-hiking, the field remains relatively unstudied. In recreation, the expectations held beforehand have been linked to perceptions after an activity, but this has not been explored in thru-hiking.


published Feb 2019

Iowa Off-Highway Vehicle Operations, Operators, Expenditures And Economic Impacts

Iowa off-highway vehicle owners spent approximately $72.4 million in 2018 on in-state operating expenses and related personal expenses. Total Iowa asset purchase and operating/personal expenditures generated approximately 1,018 jobs in the Iowa economy paying an average of $42,850 annually. Off-highway vehicle owners spent about $28.9 million outside the state of Iowa in 2018. If that had been spent in-state, it would have generated $34.9 million in Iowa industrial output and 374 jobs paying annual incomes of $31,180 per job.


published Oct 2013

Irish Trails Strategy: Promoting and Developing Activity in the Irish Outdoors

The ambitious vision set out in this strategy for recreational trails in Ireland is “to create, nurture and maintain a world class recreational trail network that is sustainable, integrated, well utilized and highly regarded, that enhances the health, well being and quality of life of all Irish citizens and that attracts visitors from around the world.”


published Jun 2015

Jackson Hole Pathways and Trails Survey Full Results

by Headwaters Economics

The purpose of the Jackson Hole Pathways and Trails Survey is to gather public feedback on Jackson Hole’s pathways and trails systems. The results of this first-of-its‐kind survey effort are intended to provide a documentation of pathways and trails usage, satisfaction, strengths, weaknesses, and suggestions for improvement. The information in this report provides solid information to help community decision-makers, stakeholder groups, and interested citizens plan for the future of Jackson Hole’s pathways and trails systems.


published Sep 2020

Jeffco Trails Plan

The Jeffco Trails Plan explores the path ahead for the future of all trails in Jefferson County, Colorado.


published Sep 2005

Lanark County Recreational Trails Business Plan

This document describes the process in developing a Trails Business Plan that supports recreational use as well as economic development.


published Sep 2021

Launching a Successful Civilian Climate Corps

This paper outlines ways to achieve two key goals: First, to create career paths for young people; and secondly, to improve the U.S.’ ability to counter, and adapt to climate change, especially in communities that have suffered from environmental injustices.


published Dec 2019

ldaho’s Billion Dollar Motorized Recreation Industry

by National Off-Highway Vehicle Conservation Council (NOHVCC)

ldaho’s motorized recreation industry is BIG business


published Sep 2012

Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail Foundation Document

by National Park Service

Every unit of the national park system is required to have a formal statement of its core mission that will provide basic guidance for all planning and management decisions—a foundation for planning and management. The development of a foundation document for the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail is necessary to effectively manage the park over the long term and protect park resources and values that are integral to the purpose and identity of the park unit.