Recommended Resources

Trail-Specific Recommended Resources

Recommended Webinars

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published Sep 2004

Economic Impact Analysis: Trans Canada Trail in Ontario

An economic impact study to estimate and summarize the regional and province wide economic benefits associated with the usage of the Trans Canada Trail throughout Ontario.


published Mar 2020

The Economic Value of Trails in Arizona

As a compliment to the Arizona State Parks 2020 Trails Plan, this study estimates the economic value of non-motorized and motorized trail use to Arizona residents using the travel cost method.


published Dec 2004

The Washington & Old Dominion Trail: An Assessment of User Demographics, Preferences, and Economics

The Washington and Old Dominion Trail (W&OD) is a 45-mile long transportation and recreation corridor running from Arlington, Virginia, west to Purcellville.


Dec 3, 2015

The Role of Trails in Healthy Community Design

This webinar offers a number of how-to solutions for creating walk, bike, and fitness-friendly communities with success story examples. He will share how it's not just about trails, but also land use decisions and site designs to create truly active environments.


published Jun 2020

Merced River Trail Community Benefits Study

by Headwaters Economics

The purpose of this report is to describe the economic, quality of life, public health, and other benefits that Mariposa County and its residents are likely to enjoy from the Merced River Trail based on research and experiences of communities with similar projects.


posted Feb 19, 2018

The NRT Program

by Helen Scully with National Park Service, Stuart Macdonald

This session will provide a brief history and overview of the NRT program, as well as highlight the growing benefits available to trail managers.


published May 2018

Promoting Parks and Recreation’s Role in Economic Development

by National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA)

This study builds on previous NRPA research on the economic importance of local park and recreation agencies by exploring the role that quality park amenities play in 21st century regional economic development.


published Jan 2009

21 Partnership Success Factors for Parks and Trails

by Brian O'Neill with National Park Service

As the Superintendent of Golden Gate National Parks, Brian O’Neill and his staff earned a reputation as a model partnership park where partnerships are a way of thinking about how best to accomplish the park's mission and build a community of stewardship.


published Mar 2007

The Physiology of Mountain Biking

In recent years, competitive mountain biking has attracted the interest of sport scientists, and a small but growing number of physiological studies have been published. The aim of this review is to provide a synthesis of this literature and directions for future research.


published Aug 2017

Mountain Biking as a Means to Encourage Public Health and Wellbeing

This manuscript explains how mountain biking is related to public health and the issues underlying trail access in the United States.


published Jan 2010

Physiological Demands of Off-Road Vehicle Riding

The purpose of this study was to characterize the physiological demands of recreational off-road vehicle riding under typical riding conditions using habitual recreational off-road vehicle riders.


published Mar 2014

Kentucky Trail Towns - A How-to-Guide for Communities

Recreational trails and rivers can really help boost a community’s tourism traffic. This guide is designed to help leaders of these Trail Towns take advantage of the economic opportunity brought by the attraction of trails and rivers. It will help you transform your town into a more inviting and memorable tourist destination as well as a better place for residents to live, work and play. The elements in this guide are only suggestions. Feel free to modify or adapt these ideas in Assessments I & II to best suit your town. After all, your approach should be as unique as your community.