A review of literature prepared as part of the Naugatuck River Greenway Economic Impact Study August, 2015
B.A. Candidate in Psychology, University of Connecticut-Waterbury
Associate Extension Professor, Community & Economic Development Educator, University of Connecticut-Extension
Despite having the fourth highest population density in the United States (United States
Census American Community Survey, 2013), Connecticut possesses many areas of great natural
beauty. More significantly, these resources are located within a short drive of the state’s major
cities, and thus provide an easily accessible respite from the pressures of urban life. As the
course of economic history has played out in Connecticut, many industrial complexes have
been abandoned and reapportioned. Rivers and contaminated sites have been reclaimed and
remediated, and many disused canals and railway lines are seeing new life as multi-use trails
and greenways. Greenways are defined by the Connecticut State Legislature as corridors of
open space that serve several key functions. Greenways protect natural and historical resources
such as watersheds, rivers, scenic landscapes, and archaeological sites; connect existing
protected areas and provide recreational access for local residents; and, if comprehensive plans
reach their fruition, will link communities through an extensive network of public pathways
which can also serve as an alternative mode of transportation (Connecticut General Statutes, as
cited in Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, 2015).
This literature review represents one part of a study to assess the potential economic impacts of the development Naugatuck River Greenway (NRG) Trail, a proposed 44 mile multi- use trail that will run through the eleven Connecticut communities through which the Naugatuck River flows: Torrington, Harwinton, Litchfield, Thomaston, Watertown, Waterbury, Naugatuck, Beacon Falls, Seymour, Ansonia, and Derby. As of this writing, five sections of the Greenway have been completed: the Derby Greenway (2 miles), the Ansonia Riverwalk (0.5 miles), Beacon Falls, (0.5 miles), and Naugatuck (1.1 miles). The study addresses the primary question "How will communities and residents along the Naugatuck River benefit from their investment in building the proposed trail?" It is important to note that the intrinsic value of greenspaces and trails, including the ecosystems and environmental services, mental and health benefits, and other factors that contribute to the quality of life for residents are difficult to monetize and may not be well represented in an economic impact analysis. Decision-makers should consider both intrinsic value and the economic impacts of greenways as vital elements in policy making and resource allocation.
Published August 01, 2015
Whether hiking, bicycling, riding on horseback or participating in motorized recreation nearly everyone uses trails for a similar goal – to spend time outdoors. This time outside, whether a short walk down a paved trail to work in an urban setting, or a hike to a point reachable to only a few Americans makes trail users happier people.
South Dakota’s snowmobile trail system is maintained without any contribution from general fund dollars, but brings substantial economic activity into the state. This study estimates the magnitude of that economic activity and its effect on the overall state economy.
Snowmobiling provides a major recreational opportunity in Idaho given the State’s climatic conditions and mountainous terrain. In addition to the enjoyment provided by snowmobiling, it generates significant impacts in terms of employment and economic activity in many counties and for the State as a whole. In order to estimate the economic importance of snowmobiling in Idaho, the Idaho Department of Parks and Recreation (IDPR) contracted with the Department of Economics at Boise State University (BSU) to perform this study of snowmobiling on a county by- county basis and statewide.
The Bureau of Business and Economic Research’s most recent surveys suggest that about 8 percent of the state's households include snowmobile recreationists. Nearly always, the whole family participates. With an average household size of about 2.5, perhaps as many as 100,000 Montanans participate in the sport each winter.