filed under: economics of trails
A review of literature prepared as part of the Naugatuck River Greenway Economic Impact Study August, 2015
B.A. Candidate in Psychology, University of Connecticut-Waterbury
Associate Extension Professor, Community & Economic Development Educator, University of Connecticut-Extension
Despite having the fourth highest population density in the United States (United States
Census American Community Survey, 2013), Connecticut possesses many areas of great natural
beauty. More significantly, these resources are located within a short drive of the state’s major
cities, and thus provide an easily accessible respite from the pressures of urban life. As the
course of economic history has played out in Connecticut, many industrial complexes have
been abandoned and reapportioned. Rivers and contaminated sites have been reclaimed and
remediated, and many disused canals and railway lines are seeing new life as multi-use trails
and greenways. Greenways are defined by the Connecticut State Legislature as corridors of
open space that serve several key functions. Greenways protect natural and historical resources
such as watersheds, rivers, scenic landscapes, and archaeological sites; connect existing
protected areas and provide recreational access for local residents; and, if comprehensive plans
reach their fruition, will link communities through an extensive network of public pathways
which can also serve as an alternative mode of transportation (Connecticut General Statutes, as
cited in Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, 2015).
This literature review represents one part of a study to assess the potential economic impacts of the development Naugatuck River Greenway (NRG) Trail, a proposed 44 mile multi- use trail that will run through the eleven Connecticut communities through which the Naugatuck River flows: Torrington, Harwinton, Litchfield, Thomaston, Watertown, Waterbury, Naugatuck, Beacon Falls, Seymour, Ansonia, and Derby. As of this writing, five sections of the Greenway have been completed: the Derby Greenway (2 miles), the Ansonia Riverwalk (0.5 miles), Beacon Falls, (0.5 miles), and Naugatuck (1.1 miles). The study addresses the primary question "How will communities and residents along the Naugatuck River benefit from their investment in building the proposed trail?" It is important to note that the intrinsic value of greenspaces and trails, including the ecosystems and environmental services, mental and health benefits, and other factors that contribute to the quality of life for residents are difficult to monetize and may not be well represented in an economic impact analysis. Decision-makers should consider both intrinsic value and the economic impacts of greenways as vital elements in policy making and resource allocation.
Published August 2015
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San Jose is developing a 100 mile trail network! View the handout!
This study builds on previous NRPA research on the economic importance of local park and recreation agencies by exploring the role that quality park amenities play in 21st century regional economic development.
This 1997 paper estimates the value of a relatively new form of recreation: mountain biking. Its popularity has resulted in many documented conflicts, and its value must be estimated so an informed decision regarding trail allocation can be made. A travel cost model (TCM) is used to estimate the economic benefits, measured by consumer surplus, to the users of mountain bike trails near Moab, Utah.