Recommended Resources

Trail-Specific Recommended Resources

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published Sep 2018

Wildlife And Trails Primer - K. Making informed decisions

by American Trails Staff

Any trail will have at least some impact on wildlife. Therefore, deciding whether the recreational value of a trail outweighs those impacts is a community choice, or in some cases, a legal question.


published Sep 2018

Wildlife and Trails Checklist — Step C: Building & Managing the trail

by American Trails Staff

The checklist focuses specifically on wildlife issues of trail planning and is designed to mirror comprehensive planning processes.


published Sep 2018

Wildlife And Trails Primer - Part D. Habitat quality varies

by American Trails Staff

Looking at resources from a regional or landscape-wide perspective helps identify where trails should go and which areas should be conserved for wildlife.


published Sep 2018

Wildlife And Trails Primer - A. Trails and their zones of influence

by American Trails Staff

A trail’s area of influence should be planned and managed as an integral part of the trail. This influence zone should provide recreationists with meaningful interactions with nature, without infringing on sensitive habitat.


published Sep 2018

Wildlife And Trails Primer - Part E. The importance of streamside areas

by American Trails Staff

By understanding the relative quality of riparian areas, it may be possible to find places within the riparian zone for trails that will have less impact on wildlife.


published Sep 2018

Planning Trails With Wildlife In Mind - CASE STUDIES and PROJECTS

by American Trails Staff

See examples of trail design in habitat areas, techniques for managing visitors, trail system planning, habitat restoration, trails as part of habitat conservation, and education on the value of wildlife and habitat.


published Sep 2018

Wildlife And Trails Primer - L. Land ownership

by American Trails Staff

Many longer trails cross from one jurisdiction to another. This has ramifications for how the trail is planned and specifically how wildlife issues are considered.


published Aug 2018

Planning Trails with Wildlife in Mind - Introduction

by American Trails Staff

This handbook will help trail planners and builders balance the benefits of creating trails and being stewards of nature, especially wildlife.


published May 2018

Land Ethics for Equestrian Trail Users

Increasing numbers of equestrians on public lands require more awareness of impacts.


published Sep 2017

Hiking, mountain biking and equestrian use in natural areas

by Metro Regional Government

A recreation ecology literature review


published Nov 2013

Designing Sustainable Off-Highway Vehicle Trails

by USDA Forest Service

Proper management of off-highway vehicle (OHV) trails is one of the most important tasks for trail managers today.


published Jun 2013

A Landscape-Scale Approach to Refuge System Planning

by U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

Team (PIT) was chartered to address this recommendation from Conserving the Future: Wildlife Refuges and the Next Generation, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s 21st century strategic vision for the National Wildlife Refuge System. Our charge was to investigate how Refuge System planning will address large-scale conservation challenges such as climate change, while maintaining the integrity of management and conservation delivery within our boundaries.