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published Jul 2010

A Cross-Sectional Examination of the Physical Fitness and Selected Health Attributes of Recreational All-Terrain Vehicle Riders and Off-Road Motorcyclists

This study found that habitual off-road vehicle riders had physiological characteristics that were equivalent, or slightly superior, to members of the general population on important fitness and health variables.


published Jan 2008

A Descriptive Examination of the Most Frequently Used Activity Settings in 25 Community Parks

The purpose was to examine 9 adult activity settings in 25 community parks to determine the most and least frequently used by gender, physical-activity (PA) intensity, and ethnicity.


published Sep 2000

A Primer on Trail-Related Liability Issues & Risk Management Techniques

This report concludes that trail-related liability is primarily a management issue. Laws are in place to protect all parties from unwarranted lawsuits and the rest is up to proper design, maintenance and management.


published Mar 2016

A Review and Synthesis of Recreation Ecology Research Findings on Visitor Impacts to Wilderness and Protected Natural Areas

by Jeffrey Marion with U.S. Geological Survey

This article examines the recreation ecology literature most relevant to wilderness and backcountry, with a focus on visitor impacts to vegetation, soil, wildlife, and water resources.


published Mar 2016

A Review and Synthesis of Recreation Ecology Research Supporting Carrying Capacity and Visitor Use Management Decisionmaking

by Jeffrey Marion with U.S. Geological Survey

This article reviews the most recent and relevant recreation ecology studies that have been applied in wildland settings to avoid or minimize resource impacts.


published Aug 2012

A Snapshot of the Economic Impact of Outdoor Recreation

Outdoor recreation spending in Western states equaled $255.6 billion – nearly 40% of the national total. This includes purchases of outdoor gear and vehicles as well as travel expenditures when enjoying the great Western outdoors.


published Jan 2011

Across the Arterial

by Rails-to-Trails Conservancy (RTC)

Successful shared-use paths offer a continuous and extended recreation and transportation experience. Avoiding vehicular interaction is a major challenge in urban environments where shared use paths intersect the roadway network on a regular basis. In the best cases, the paths are grade separated from roadway traffic with pedestrian bridges or under-crossings. However, geometric constraints, financial resources and incompatible adjacent land uses can require trail planners to contemplate and implement at-grade crossings.


published Jul 2016

Active Transportation and Parks and Recreation

by National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA)

A national study on Active Transportation and Parks and Recreation.


published Jan 2010

Active Transportation Beyond Urban Center

Growing evidence from across America documents the beneficial effects of walking and biking. A study on active transportation.


published Jun 2014

Adapting to the New Economy: The Impacts of Mountain Bike Tourism in Oakridge, Oregon

Oakridge provides but one example of a rural community experiencing economic and social decline.


published Jan 2006

Adventure Tourism Park and OHV Trail System Plan

A plan for a series of unique trail systems developed in Knott County, Kentucky. The System includes trails and horseback riding, ATV’s, elk/wildlife viewing, hiking, walking and mountain biking always keeping in mind the three major priorities: safety, protecting the environment, and developing a multiple use trail system in which the trails do not conflict.


published Jan 2018

Albany-Hudson Electric Trail Concept Plan

The Albany-Hudson Electric Trail is an important part of the Empire State Trail, providing a key link between the Capital Region and the Mid-Hudson Valley. Since the trail is being developed along electrical utility lines, this plan incorporates design guidelines addressing safety and operational concerns.