filed under: e-bikes and emerging technologies
Trails LA County Mobile App
The story behind the development of LA Counties world-class trails mobile app and website covering 600+ parks, over 550 linear miles of trails, hundreds of points of interest.
by Ryan Branciforte, Co-Founder and CEO, OuterSpatial, Zachary T. Likins, Trail Planner, Los Angeles County Parks and Recreation Department, Michelle O'Connor, Trails Planning Section Head, Los Angeles County Parks and Recreation Department, Sheela Kleinknecht, Trail Planner, Los Angeles County Parks and Recreation, Dora Nuñez, Special Assistant to the Director & Head of Communications, Los Angeles County Parks and Recreation
When you think of outdoor recreation destinations, typically idyllic mountain towns like Aspen, Lake Tahoe or Bend come to mind. And no doubt, these are incredible places with wonderful outdoor adventure opportunities! But what about closer to home? An after-work mountain bike ride or trail run, a short overnight weekend backpack trip or something more low key like a nice flat trail to hike on with your kids for a few hours? For the more than 10 million residents of Los Angeles County, it turns out there is in fact a huge somewhat undiscovered gold mine of parks, trails and awe-inspiring outdoor adventures waiting right in their backyards...
It’s fortunate that all of these outdoor opportunities exist because according to LA County Parks and Recreation (DPR) and local, state and federal trail partners, they have noticed a dramatic increase in demand for recreational trails in the County, as more and more people look for ways to improve or maintain their health through physical activity. Los Angeles is not unique in this way as this trend is happening nationwide. In its 2014 “Outdoor Recreation Participation Report,” the Outdoor Foundation stated running/jogging/trails, bicycling and hiking ranked among the top five most popular outdoor activities among youth and young adults ages 6-24, and adults ages 25 and older. As the popularity and demand for trail usage increases, local parkland managers are facing significant challenges in providing residents with easily accessible trails-related information such as location, multi-use trail etiquette, closures, events, and trail user safety.
Ok, so where are all of these destinations? How many miles of trails? How do I get to them? Where do I park? Which ones can I ride my bike on or bring my dog? And once we know where they are, how do agencies effectively get all of the information about these destinations into the hands of locals and visitors?
Before diving into what is now a very popular mobile app and website destination, let’s unpack the complex outdoor landscape of Los Angeles County. We’re not talking about the diversity of the natural landscape such as the beaches, high desert and mountains of the region which are in fact amazing and diverse in the County, but rather the jurisdictional landscape.
Los Angeles is a massive county with an incredibly complex park and recreation ecosystem with organizations at all levels owning, managing and contributing to the rich outdoor recreation opportunities. This jurisdictional ecosystem includes over 80 cities, multiple federal agencies and state agencies as well as organizations working at the regional, county, and special district level. In addition, there is also a very strong contingent of nonprofit organizations actively involved in supporting these outdoor destinations.
In all, there is estimated to be over 2,000 miles of publicly accessible trails right in Los Angeles County. That’s like having ⅔ of the Pacific Crest Trail winding around the county, in and out of neighborhoods, along beaches and rivers and into the mountains. In fact, a nice stretch of the actual Pacific Crest Trail itself weaves its way through the Angeles National Forest within the County.
After researching the increased demand for local and accessible parks and trails and a strong desire for improved information about these outdoor opportunities it became clear that key partners would need to step up and take a leadership role in order to best serve the community. DPR, along with other key land managers in the county including California State Parks, the National Park Service, Mountains Restoration Trust, the Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy, the Mountains Recreation and Conservation Authority, and Catalina Island Conservancy comprise a partnership called ‘Trails LA County’ with a focus on better connecting people with the public trails across the County.
Trails LA County has developed two key resources that are available to the public, an officially County-sanctioned world-class trails mobile app and website.
Even just a few years ago, it was a huge technical lift to create a modern, feature-rich public facing smartphone app, a lift that was hard to justify for most public agencies, given the pace at which mobile technology is changing, the significant upfront cost and constant software updates. Fortunately for the Trails LA County partnership, that picture has changed substantially with a platform called OuterSpatial, which empowers organizations to easily publish their authoritative recreation information to visitors via web and mobile devices. The cloud-based service is designed specifically for park agencies, nonprofits and any visitor focused organization, allowing them to focus on the story they want to convey to their visitors without worrying about the technical complexities.
For visitors to experience all the County’s recreation data via the app and site in a consistent manner, the Trails LA County partners needed to align their data into a similar format. When the effort was initiated, each partner agency had their own internal data format and in every case it was different from every other agency. That end goal provided the incentive, while OuterSpatial provided the direction and tools. Leveraging an open trail data standard, OuterSpatial clearly laid out a data format that enables every agency’s data to be published in a consistent and standardized format to visitors. This work is still ongoing, but much progress has been made with over 550 miles of trails now available via the mobile app and website.
With high quality, consistent recreation data and a powerful platform to take care of the technical work, the partners were able to deploy the mobile app and start testing, but a critical component was still needed - content. Similar to any other park and recreation agency, all of the partners had wonderful content on their website, in brochures, in paper maps, signage, interpretive pamphlets, etc. The OuterSpatial platform provided an easy way to integrate all of that content into one place so it could be published effectively into the mobile app. There are ongoing training sessions with various staff and volunteers at the participating agencies that are helping to get more folks involved in publishing quality information to visitors including detailed park and trail descriptions, park brochures, high-quality photos. In addition, the partners are able to easily publish dynamic content such as closures, events, and real-time alerts that can be posted at any time.
A user-friendly “one-stop” resource: The app and website provide a comprehensive trails database covering 600+ parks, over 550 linear miles of trails, hundreds of points of interest including trailheads, parking lots, bathrooms, drinking water, scenic vistas and much more. Regardless of their interest visitors can now easily find and learn more about the wide range of available outdoor recreation options with inviting content such as beautiful photos, detailed descriptions, permitted uses, directions to trailheads, park maps and brochures, and time-sensitive alerts such as closures. Also, users can obtain extensive trail knowledge such as connectivity (e.g. how the 30-mile Schabarum-Skyline Trail in Covina connects the San Gabriel Mountains with the 35-mile San Gabriel River Trail that ends in Seal Beach), elevation, and the presence of natural wildlife, all of which gives them an accurate depiction of each trail’s individual character. As such, the app and website have become an invaluable one-stop online tool that users can rely upon for accurate, up-to-date and real-time information on trails and recreation information throughout the County.
As more folks use the app and website, more feedback is coming in and Trails LA County partners are listening. There are a number of new features on the roadmap including enhanced search and filter options, better social tools for sharing amongst visitors and agency staff, and improved data and content coverage. In addition, the partnership is working on expanding and bringing in every trail and land manager in the county including two key priority partners, the City of LA and the US Forest Service.
We would like to thank contributing authors:
Published July 2019
This study aimed to compare conventional mountain bike and eMTB use. This was done by investigating 2 questions: (1) What proportion of exercise response is retained for an experienced mountain biker while using an eMTB when compared with a conventional mountain bike? and (2) What are the perceptions and beliefs of experienced mountain bikers toward eMTBs both before and after riding an eMTB?
On average, the majority of survey respondents disapprove of e-bikes being allowed on the trail. This remains true across the board for each of the major user groups; however, mountain bike rider respondents are less likely to disapprove of allowing e-bikes on non-motorized trails and equestrian respondents are more likely to disapprove.
In order to better guide research into the range of potential social and environmental impacts and benefits related to the use of eMTBs on natural surface trails, IMBA and the BPSA are interested in what questions land managers have regarding this new use. The survey explicitly targeted land managers’ experiences and concerns regarding eMTB use on natural surface and/or singletrack trails – not paths or bikeways – although some land managers are responsible for both types of trail infrastructure.
The emergence of electric bicycles, commonly known as e-bikes, is a rapidly growing component of the bicycle market in the US. As a transportation option, they represent an opportunity to reduce vehicle use and emissions, as well as the physical barriers to cycling. For use on trails, they present similar opportunities to reduce barriers to cycling but, as a new use, present new challenges for trail management.