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published Mar 2007

The Physiology of Mountain Biking

In recent years, competitive mountain biking has attracted the interest of sport scientists, and a small but growing number of physiological studies have been published. The aim of this review is to provide a synthesis of this literature and directions for future research.


published Jan 2010

Physiological Demands of Off-Road Vehicle Riding

The purpose of this study was to characterize the physiological demands of recreational off-road vehicle riding under typical riding conditions using habitual recreational off-road vehicle riders.


published Oct 2020

Identification of Effective Programs to Improve Access to and Use of Trails among Youth from Under-Resourced Communities

The primary purpose of this paper is to identify and review studies evaluating the effectiveness of programs to increase access to trails and trails use (physical activity) among youth from under-resourced communities.


published Mar 2011

Compton Creek Trails Community Assessment

by Rails-to-Trails Conservancy (RTC)

In 2009, Rails-to-Trails Conservancy (RTC) began a multi-year project to ensure that residents along the Compton Creek bike, equestrian and walking trails were involved in using and supporting their trails, as well as to provide opportunities for programs and activities.


published Jan 2016

Green Schoolyards for All Children

by Children and Nature Network

A growing body of scientific evidence suggests that the creation of nature-rich urban environments, including schoolyards with natural play spaces and gardens, can help improve physical and mental health, cognitive skills, creativity, and social bonding.


published Jun 2013

Effects of Pack Weight on Endurance of Long-distance Hikers

This study evaluated pack weight to understand the limits of long-term load carriage. Participants were Appalachian Trail hikers who attempted to complete the entire trail in the 2012 season.


published Jul 2016

Active Transportation and Parks and Recreation

by National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA)

A national study on Active Transportation and Parks and Recreation.


published Jan 2009

Benefits of Hiking: A Means-End Approach on the Appalachian Trail

The purpose of this research was to examine the outcomes prompting hiking along the Appalachian Trail (AT).


published Jan 2019

Outdoor Recreation in Oregon: Responding to Demographic and Societal Change

by Oregon State Parks

The plan addresses five important demographic and societal changes facing outdoor recreation providers in the coming years including: 1. An aging population; 2. An increasingly diverse population; 3. Lack of youth engagement in outdoor recreation; 4. An underserved low-income population; and 5. The health benefits of physical activity.


published Dec 2011

Trails are Making a Difference

by American Trails Staff

Nancy Desmond of Cleveland Metroparks, tells us how trails have made a difference in her life and career.


published Jan 2011

The Power of Trails for Promoting Physical Activity in Communities

by Active Living Research

Promoting physical activity among children and adults is a priority ´╗┐national health objective in the United States. Regular physical activity lowers the risk of chronic diseases and is an important strategy for reversing the obesity epidemic.


published Oct 2002

Ten Reasons to Consider a Trail or Greenway in Your Next Project

by Robert (Bob) Searns with Robert Searns and Associates, Inc., Jeff Vogel with DHM Design

Communities benefit in many ways from well-planned greenways and trails.