Strengthening Tribal Consultations and Nation-to-Nation Relationships

A USDA Forest Service Action Plan

The Tribal Relations Program strives to enhance relationships between the Forest Service, Tribes, ANCs, non-federally recognized Tribes, and Native Hawaiians, as well as American Indian, Alaska Native, and other Indigenous individuals, communities, inter-Tribal organizations, enterprises, and educational institutions, thereby improving the agency’s ability to foster effective partnerships and respect Tribal sovereignty.

by USDA Forest Service

This USDA Forest Service action plan, “Strengthening Tribal Consultations and Nation-to-Nation Relationships,” (Action Plan) is the product of diverse perspectives from the unit, regional, and national levels of the agency. It provides agency guidance and assistance to fulfill the Federal trust responsibility, honor treaty obligations, and support Tribal self-determination. This document complements the USDA Action Plan on Tribal Consultation and Strengthening Nation-to-Nation Relationships pursuant to the Presidential memorandum dated January 26, 2021. Implementation of this Action Plan Per Public Law 108–447 Stat. 2809, 3267. This Action Plan is additionally responsive to, and builds on, the 2012 Report to the Secretary of Agriculture on USDA Policy and Procedures Review and Recommendations for Indian Sacred Sites, the Forest Service Research and Development Tribal Engagement Roadmap, and the USDA Forest Service Tribal Relations Strategic Plan for Fiscal Years 2019-2022.

Implementation of this planrequires agencywide coordination, cooperation, and collaboration at the national, regional, station, and forest unit level, as well as continued work in policy, training, engagement, practice, consultation, collaboration, and accountability. Guided by this Action Plan, the Forest Service will be better able to meet all new and existing policies and administrative direction. This Action Plan provides a framework for advancing existing laws, regulations, and policies in the Forest Service and is not intended to amend or establish new policy or directive. It does not contain specific standards, criteria, or guidelines pertaining to resource management programs and can be implemented through existing programs and processes. This Action Plan is effective until superseded.

Attached document published February 2023

About the Author


To sustain the health, diversity, and productivity of the Nation’s forests and grasslands to meet the needs of present and future generations.

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