filed under: wildlife and environment

Equestrian Etiquette - Protecting Trees and Park Structures

Responsible equestrians should actively protect trees and other park structures when out on the trail. Equine expert Lora Goerlich gives her take on this topic.

by Lora Goerlich

Damage on trees over a three-month period when hitching posts were being upgraded at an equestrian rest area.

The grass (and legume) grazing equines we know today were once browsers. Woody vegetation, fruits, nuts and select leafy plants made up the bulk of their diet and throughout their 50-55 million years of physical change, a small percentage of horses have retained the inclination to browse, though today it is not considered a positive trait especially if they gnaw away at stall walls, fence, shade trees or anything they can get their teeth on. Humans call it a vice or unwanted behavior. The reasons a horse chews wood may be known or unknown but typically this behavior is an indication of more deep-seated (often human induced) problems such as past trauma from being starved; current conditions of not enough forage; frustration; or boredom from too much time inside, confined by stall walls. On the trail, the reasons might include nervousness, frustration, boredom, being tied next to an aggressive horse or pain due to ill-fitting tack. Concave gnaw marks left behind are unsightly and damaging which is why trail riders must be diligent in curbing their wood whittler’s behavior while on public land.

Hitching post and fence rail damage at a day rest area over a three-month period when hitching posts were being upgraded at an equestrian rest area.

Hitching post and fence rail damage at a day rest area over a three-month period when hitching posts were being upgraded at an equestrian rest area.

De-barking, wood whittling horses create gaping, gnarly tree wounds that are visible for many years, showing clear evidence of careless etiquette. Removal of bark will eventually kill subjected trees by cutting off nutrient flow from the leaves to the roots. The open wounds also make a prime environment for disease and insect incubation. Currently, Oak Wilt (in red oak species) is a major concern. Oak Wilt is caused by a fungus that infects trees through wounds and by root grafting. Once a tree is infected, fungal spores can be spread by insects who have come in contact with the fungus; inadvertently transporting it to other trees. This is an oversimplified explanation of a complex disease. Hitching post whittlers reduce the overall usable timeframe while simultaneously eroding the structural integrity of posts and rails that they repeatedly chew.

Humane options to curb whittling and protect park structures may include, holding the horse in hand, on a lead rope instead of tying; taking shorter breaks, loosening the girth (remember to adjust it before re-mounting) or tying next to a buddy. Additionally, tying horses to fence rails, mounting platform rails, park benches, picnic tables or any unapproved structures is not safe because most are not built to withstand the force of a panicked horse pulling backward. All will break effortlessly at the weakest point. The result could be disastrous for the horse, rider and/or bystanders. Imagine all the scenarios of a horse running wildly with broken pieces of fence, boards or metal dangling at the end of its tie rope - impalement, broken bones, running into traffic…

Make choices that create less work for park staff and protect flora and fauna. Inclusion, no matter the type, is a privilege.

Published September 14, 2020

About the Author

Lora served as a law enforcement-maintenance park ranger for twenty-five years with Metroparks of Toledo and was stationed at the “globally rare” Oak Openings Preserve. Throughout her career she was deeply committed to educating equestrians, non-equestrians and land stewards about proper trail etiquette, trail planning in natural areas, and to preserving equestrian trails. In 2011 Lora began teaching at international, national and state conferences to further encourage equestrian trail inclusion. She has been a board member for the Park Ranger Institute since 2015.

Her formal education includes an associate degree in horse production and management from The Ohio State University and a bachelor of science in environmental studies/resource management from The University of Toledo. Lora’s areas of expertise include: extensive knowledge of equestrian needs (trails and facilities), trail planning and maintenance, law enforcement issues, community involvement, best practice horse keeping, equine behavior, customer service, volunteerism, natural resource management, mounted patrol operations and multi-use-trail conflict resolution.

Lora started riding in 1986, crossing multiple disciplines before exclusively trail riding; you might also find her camping, hiking, kayaking, cross country skiing or cycling. Her current trail horses include: a Paso Fino mare, Tennessee Walker gelding and a rescued gelding of unknown background.

More articles by this author

More Articles in this Category

Sustaining Wildlife With Recreation on Public Lands

A Synthesis of Research Findings, Management Practices, and Research Needs

Are horses responsible for introducing non-native plants along forest trails in the eastern United States?

Horses have been suggested to be an important source for the introduction of non-native plant species along trails, but the conclusions were based on anecdotal evidence.

Wildlife Crossings

Providing safe passage for urban wildlife

Conflicts On Multiple-Use Trails

This synthesis is intended to establish a baseline of the current state of knowledge and practice and to serve as a guide for trail managers and researchers.