Why trail managers often engage Conservation Corps on maintenance projects, and why you might see more Corps on our trails.
Have you ever come across a crew of young adults working on a trail maintenance project? These young people are probably from a Conservation Corps. As a result of a partnership between the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and The Corps Network – the National Association of Service and Conservation Corps – you might soon see additional young adults working on America’s trails.
Conservation Corps are organizations that engage young people and recent veterans in service projects that address conservation and community needs. Through a term of service that could last from a few months to a year, Corps participants – or “Corpsmembers” – gain work experience and develop job skills. The Corps Network represents more than 130 Corps across the country, most of which are operated by nonprofits, universities, or state or local government. These Corps collectively enroll about 25,000 diverse Corpsmembers every year.
Depending on where the Corps is based, Corpsmembers could serve on a variety of projects, ranging from removing invasive species, to improving the energy efficiency of low-income homes. Many Corps partner with transportation and park managers to engage Corpsmembers in trail projects; sometimes this work is funded by the Recreational Trails Program (RTP). In 2018 alone, Corpsmembers helped build or improve nearly 14,000 miles of trails.
The FHWA and The Corps Network are working together to encourage more state and regional transportation agencies to partner with Corps on trail projects and workforce training. Why are Corps a practical partner on trail projects?
First, Corps can go beyond clearing downed limbs and overgrown vegetation; they can complete technical work, too. The most recent numbers show the National Park Service alone has more than $460 million in deferred maintenance on trails. This is more work than the agency can do on its own. Through partnerships with Corps, trail managers can address backlogged work sooner.
Corps typically bring a crew of up to about 10 Corps members to a project, supervised by two Crew Leaders. Corps have experience working on a range of trails projects, including constructing footbridges, installing drainage systems, building retaining walls, and even using GIS and other technology to assess trail sustainability and safety.
A new guide produced by The Corps Network and FHWA provides more than a dozen examples of Corps and trail agencies leveraging RTP funds to complete technical projects. One case study describes how Lassen Volcanic National Park worked with the California Conservation Corps to stabilize retaining walls and enhance safety on a popular trail. Another example describes how the Maryland Conservation Corps worked with Patapsco Valley State Park to create a wheelchair accessible path that included a guide-rope for visually impaired visitors. Another example outlines how the Hawaii Youth Conservation Corps worked with the state to install a boardwalk trail that protects sensitive vegetation.
Trail managers also work with Corps for cost reasons. Corps usually must bring matching dollars or in-kind support. This helps trail agencies extend limited funding further. In a comprehensive study, one federal agency found they saved an average of 83 percent by working with Corps instead of other contractors.
Additionally, Corps are a practical partner because they engage the next generation of trail and transportation professionals. Within the next five years, more than 30 percent of employees at the Departments of Transportation, Interior and Agriculture will be eligible for retirement. Corps provide a pathway into resource and infrastructure management positions. During their service, Corpsmembers gain hands-on experience, learn best practices, and often receive training or certification in the operation of equipment like chainsaws, pionjars, loaders, and paving tools. Another benefit is that Corps handle recruitment, training, supervision and insurance for their Corpsmembers, meaning trail managers can meaningful engage aspiring transportation professionals without a huge commitment of time or staff power.
Finally, Corps are capable of quality work. Every year, Conservation Corps are among the winners of the Coalition for Recreational Trails Achievement Award. In 2018, more than half of the 11 award-winning trail projects involved Conservation Corps.
Trail and transportation managers interested in learning more about Corps can consult The Corps Network’s guide Building the Future. The Corps Network also recently launched a listserv to connect state trail and transportation managers with Conservation Corps in their region. Additionally, The Corps Network and several Conservation Corps will present a webinar on December 5 as part of the Advancing Trails Webinar Series.
The Corps Network and several Conservation Corps will present a webinar on December 5, 2019.
Published August 28, 2019
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The National Park Service (NPS) Park Facility Maintenance Division (PFMD) conducted a project analysis to determine how the costs of engaging a conservation corps to accomplish cyclic maintenance activities at national parks compared with the costs of using contractor or NPS crews.
This study of youth corps used an experimental design in order to compare the experiences of youth corps members with those of similar individuals who applied to the program over the same time period (June 2006 through July 2007) but who were randomly assigned to a control group. The study team used a two stage process to create a sample for the study.
The purpose of the evaluation was to assess the impact of the Corps experience on participants in terms of targeted outcomes (e.g., civic engagement, leadership, etc.), their intentions to pursue additional education, and their confidence to obtain employment. Statistically significant increases were observed across all outcome measures in contrast to the general population comparison group.