These are the most commonly used Brushing Tools with tips on using them safely and effectively.
by Jim Schmid
Weed cutters are used to clear trail corridors of succulent vegetation (grass, light brush, briars, and tree seedlings). It is meant to be swung back and forth with both hands. There are two varieties: the L-shaped weed whip cuts grass and weeds but is unstable for use on larger growth, the triangular-frame weed whip cuts briars and woody stems up to a half-inch in diameter. Screws holding the serrated double-edged blade in place can work loose, so check them often.
Safety tip: Avoid the golf swing. Swing tool no higher than your side.
Machetes are best used to clear the way when surveying new trail routes through dense vegetation. A slightly angled (off-vertical) stroke of the machete is more effective than a low horizontal swing. Being an effective, but crude cutter, the machete should not be used to hack branches from trailside trees.
Safety tip: Use extreme care when working with others. Always be aware of who is working next to you.
Used to cut and clear vegetation the 16 inch long Woodman's Pal Axe is easy to carry and to use.
Safety tip: When not in use be sure to keep in its sheath to protect the blade.
Also known as a Sandvik, the Swedish Safety Brush Axe is a machete-like tool with a short, replaceable blade. Because of the shorter blade and longer handle (27 inch overall length), the Sandvik may be safer than a machete. Its shorter handle and lighter weight make it faster, easier to control, and safer than an axe or brush hook. The thin, flat, replaceable steel blade cuts easily through springy hardwood stems.
Safety tip: A sharp tool is a safe tool. Replace the blade when it becomes dull or nicked.
For removal of brush too heavy for a weed cutter and too light for an axe, consider either the double- or single-edged brush hook. Swung like an axe, the brush hook's long 36 inch handle and heavy head give it a powerful cut. Their curved blade, however, poses an extra safety hazard. Always maintain a firm grip with both hands on the handle. Cut with a slicing rather than a hacking motion and pull back on the handle at the end of the swing to utilize the 12-inch curved blade. Carry brush hooks with the head forward like a shovel.
Safety tip: Never use an overhead swing. Keep the brush hook in front of you at all times.
Bank blades are used to cut brush, briar, or undergrowth. The 40 inch heavy blade sharpened on both sides and sturdy hickory handle keep you well away from the vegetation you are cutting.
Safety tip: Never use an overhead swing. Keep the bank blade in front of you at all times.
Loppers are designed for clearing heavy vegetation from trails. With their long handles, a sturdy pair of loppers has the mechanical advantage to cut cleanly through all sorts of brush and branches (most cut limbs of 1 to 1¾ inches in diameter). If you have a choice, select heavy-duty loppers with fiberglass or metal handles. Cutting heads are either the sliding-blade-and-hook type (known as bypass) or the anvil type. Some have simple pivot actions, while others have compound or gear-driven actions for increased cutting power. Do not try to twist the handles when biting into a resistant branch. This can bend the blade and ruin a pair of loppers quickly. If the loppers can't cut the branch, use a bow saw.
Safety tip: Carry loppers with the jaws pointed down and away from you and with one hand around both handles.
Handier and lighter to carry than a lopper when only minor pruning is needed. Used to cut small branches encroaching on the trail. Also useful for cutting protruding roots that are tripping hazards. Mostly used for trail maintenance.
Safety tip: Can be carried in hand while hiking to clip small branches as encountered.
Published January 01, 2004
Survey of skills and competencies to assist in developing a national training strategy for National Scenic and Historic Trails
A wide variety of tools are available to layout, construct, and maintain trails. Local and individual preferences often dictate the kinds of tools which are chosen for various tasks.
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