The Design and Placement of Warning Signs on Improved Public Lands
definitions and standards for signs
that limit public liability for trail-related
hazards while warning users in a clear
and consistent manner.
State of Hawaii Na Ala Hele Trail
and Access Program, November 2006
This report is prepared in response to Section 4 of Act 82, Session Laws of Hawaii (SLH) 2003. Act 82, SLH 2003, established a risk assessment working group comprised of both state and county officials and a person knowledgeable in signs, and that a report be submitted with recommendations and consultation provided to the Board of Land and Natural Resources (Board), including a list of warning signs, devices, and systems on improved and unimproved public lands subsequently approved or disapproved by the Board, to the Legislature.
Following the design and placement standards as delineated in the approved HAR, DLNR’s Division of State Parks and Na Ala Hele Trail and Access Program staff reevaluated and clarified locations of public exposure to dangerous natural conditions and revised maps showing these locations. DLNR staff worked with data collected earlier through an agreement with a United States Forest Service team. 134 locations statewide were identified that warrant the placement of signs relating to the various natural conditions.
The maps and locations are being prepared for review and approval by the Board. Upon approval, a request for proposal will be initiated, signs will be produced and DLNR staff will proceed with installation and a sign monitoring program. Currently, the Counties have not identified parks where these types of dangerous conditions exist.
Download full document (pdf 280 kb) with example signs and text of "HAWAII ADMINISTRATIVE RULES TITLE 13 - DEPARTMENT OF LAND AND NATURAL RESOURCES - SUBTITLE 1 CHAPTER 8 - THE DESIGN AND PLACEMENT OF WARNING PUBLIC LANDS"
Also see Hawaii Trail Analysis Survey & Risk Management Data Profile: download complete document (95 pages, illustrations, tables; pdf format 4.0 mb)
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Updated April 16, 2007