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published Mar 2005

Establishment Proposal, Environmental Assessment, Conceptual Management Plan, & Land Protection Plan

by U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

This plan establishes the purpose and need for action to develop the Neches River National Wildlife Refuge. The refuge opened on April 13, 2019.


published Jan 2005

Guidelines for Snowmobile Trail Groomer Operator Training

by International Association of Snowmobile Administrators (IASA)

The purpose of this resource guide is to provide snowmobiling agencies, associations, and clubs with guidelines that are a resource for grooming, maintenance, and increasing community awareness of snowmobile trails.


published Jan 2005

The Value of Open Space: Evidence from Studies of Non-market Benefits

The authors review is distinguished from other surveys of open space that have been done in recent years by its broad focus on non-use values for all types of open space, and because it reviews primarily, although not exclusively, studies of applications in North America.


published Jan 2005

Guidelines for Trail Development within Montgomery County, Pennsylvania

by Montgomery County Commissioners

The purpose of this document is to provide desirable and minimum trail design standards to municipalities applying for county open space funds to develop trail connections. The municipality’s open space plan must indicate connections to existing or proposed county trails, and county parks and historic sites to be eligible for county trail funding.


published Dec 2004

The Washington & Old Dominion Trail: An Assessment of User Demographics, Preferences, and Economics

The Washington and Old Dominion Trail (W&OD) is a 45-mile long transportation and recreation corridor running from Arlington, Virginia, west to Purcellville.


published Dec 2004

BLM Sign Guidebook

by Bureau of Land Management

This National Sign Guidebook presents information for planning, designing, fabricating, procuring, installing, and maintaining signs in a clear, complete, and user friendly format.


published Dec 2004

Sample agreement among land manager, landowner, and trail organization

A typical agreement addressing all issues and responsibilities of the parties to allow for trail use, in this case on the City of Austin's Water Quality Protection Lands (December 2004).


published Nov 2004

Stabilized Engineered Wood Fiber for Accessible Trails

by USDA Forest Service

Trails made with wood chips are difficult for those who use mobility aids because the surface is soft, uneven, and shifting.


published Oct 2004

Economic Value of Walkability

This paper describes ways to evaluate the value of walking (the activity) and walkability (the quality of walking conditions, including safety, comfort and convenience).


published Sep 2004

Economic Impact Analysis: Trans Canada Trail in Ontario

An economic impact study to estimate and summarize the regional and province wide economic benefits associated with the usage of the Trans Canada Trail throughout Ontario.


published Jun 2004

Getting Started: A Guide to Planning Trails

by Parks and Trails New York

The 44-page guide covers the key topics: Getting organized, Going public, Trail planning, Integrating natural values and recreational use, and Landowner issues and concerns. This is a joint publication of Parks & Trails New York and Hudson River Valley Greenway to encourage successful trail projects at the local level.


published May 2004

Environmental Aspects of Horses on Trails

by American Trails Staff

Does equestrian use have an impact on stream and lake water quality?