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published Jun 2009

2009 Report on Equestrian Access on Federal Land

by American Horse Council

A study done by the American Horse Council to gather information about trail closures or attempted trail closures on federal public lands.


published Jun 2009

Mountain Bike Activity in Natural Areas: Impacts, Assessment, and Implications for Management

This report addresses mountain biking as a recreational activity by examining styles of riding and the corresponding demands of riders. It also identifies the major impacts of mountain biking and explores potential management techniques for developing sustainable mountain biking activities in natural areas.


published May 2009

Sustainable Trail Development

by International Mountain Bicycling Association (IMBA)

What is a sustainable trail? Building a sustainable trail system takes into account many factors. Most importantly, a sustainable trail should have as little impact to the environment as possible; this is accomplished through proper trail planning, design, construction and maintenance. A properly built trail will last for generations to come with little maintenance needed and will blend into the natural surroundings.


published May 2009

An Equestrian Guide to Trail Etiquette

by Loomis Basin Horsemen’s Association

Following is basic “Share the trail Etiquette” that can improve the trail experience for all users.


published May 2009

Sharing Our Trails: A Guide to Trail Safety and Enjoyment

National and state trail advocacy organizations representing equestrian, OHV, and bicycle interests collaborated in developing this new guide to trail use and safety.


published May 2009

Trail Design Guidelines for Portland, Oregon’s Park System

by Portland Parks and Recreation

Trails are an integral part of our park and recreation system. They are used by people of all ages and abilities to exercise, relax, socialize, view wildlife, and travel to destinations such as school and work.


published Mar 2009

Braille trail building and renovation

by American Trails Staff

Braille trails and sensory gardens offer sustainable and accessible ways to safely experience the outdoors and provide opportunities to interact with nature.


published Jan 2009

Economic Impacts and Motivations of Off-Highway Vehicle Recreationists

This Florida case study surveys the economic impacts, motivations, and travel and equipment expenditures of OHV recreationists.


published Jan 2009

Suggestions on Improving Safety for Horseback Riders and Other Trail Users

Efforts to help different activities on multi-use trails get along better and to improve safety.


published Jan 2009

Benefits of Hiking: A Means-End Approach on the Appalachian Trail

The purpose of this research was to examine the outcomes prompting hiking along the Appalachian Trail (AT).


published Jan 2009

21 Partnership Success Factors for Parks and Trails

by Brian O'Neill with National Park Service

As the Superintendent of Golden Gate National Parks, Brian O’Neill and his staff earned a reputation as a model partnership park where partnerships are a way of thinking about how best to accomplish the park's mission and build a community of stewardship.


published Jan 2009

Report on Equestrian Access on Federal Land

A study by the American Horse Council (2009) to gather information about trail closures or attempted trail closures on federal public lands.