Recommended Resources

Trail-Specific Recommended Resources

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published Oct 7, 2005

Why Are Good Trails Important?

The Ontario Trails Strategy is a long-term plan that establishes strategic directions for planning, managing, promoting and using trails in Ontario.


published Mar 1, 2010

Physical Activity Facilities Have Economic as Well as Health Benefits

Not only do open spaces, recreation areas, and walkable neighborhoods strongly influence how active people are, they provide fiscal benefits to municipal governments as well as nearby residential property values.


published Jan 22, 2007

The Impact of Aging Populations on Outdoor Recreation

New Report Says Longer Healthy Life Expectancy Multiplies Seniors Competing in Sports and Keeping Fit.


published Sep 1, 2001

Perceptions of How the Presence of Greenway Trails Affects the Value of Proximate Properties

This study indicates that multi-use trails are an amenity that helps sell homes, increases property values and improves the quality of life.


published Dec 31, 2019

2019 Recreational Trails Program Annual Report

by Federal Highway Administration

A report on the use and benefits of Federal Recreational Trails Program funds across the United States.


published Jul 8, 2020

The Health Benefits of Motorized Trail Riding

by Trail Riders Fellowship (TRF)

Trail Riding promotes physical activity in those who might otherwise forego exercise altogether. All physical activity is beneficial.


published Nov 1, 2005

Studying impacts of visitor use on the Appalachian Trail

Visitor use impacts associated with the Appalachian Trail include use of the footpath itself, overnight use areas (both designated and bootleg), and human waste management.


published Jun 29, 2020

Sustainable Advantage

by Aaron Wilcher, Fran Doherty

An in-depth exploration of outdoor recreation in rural California.


published Jan 1, 2020

Economic and Health Benefits of Walking, Hiking, and Bicycling on Recreational Trails in Washington State

by Washington Recreation and Conservation Office

Every county in Washington State benefits from walkers, runners, bikers, and backpackers using our beautiful trail systems. Ninety percent of Washington residents participate in non-motorized recreation annually.


published Jan 24, 2019

Mountain Biker Attitudes and Perceptions of eMTBs (electric‐mountain bikes)

This study found that were many misconceptions about what constitutes an eMTB. These misconceptions seem to foster fears and concerns about trail conflict, access, and the morality of individuals using eMTBs.


published Jan 1, 2016

Environmental Impacts from Mtn Bicycles, Electric Mtn Bicycles, & Motorcycles

by International Mountain Bicycling Association (IMBA)

The emergence of electric bicycles, commonly known as e-bikes, is a rapidly growing component of the bicycle market in the US. As a transportation option, they represent an opportunity to reduce vehicle use and emissions, as well as the physical barriers to cycling. For use on trails, they present similar opportunities to reduce barriers to cycling but, as a new use, present new challenges for trail management.


published Jan 1, 2009

Report on Equestrian Access on Federal Land

A study by the American Horse Council (2009) to gather information about trail closures or attempted trail closures on federal public lands.