This study identifies the economic and health impacts of bicycling in Iowa.
This study identifies the economic and health impacts of bicycling in Iowa. Impacts are estimated based on spending by individual cyclists, bicycle specific retail sales, economic activity generated by bicycle organizations, and health cost savings in the State of Iowa. The study is based on primary data collected from individual cyclists, bicycle specific retail operators and bicycle organizations. Health impacts are based on selected primary and secondary data detailed in the methodology. This study presents:
The data for the study were collected using three questionnaires that were distributed to bicycle riders, bicycle- specific retail businesses and bicycle organizations in Iowa during the fall of 2011. The U.S. Census and Iowa Department of Transportation statistics were utilized to estimate the number of bicycle riders. Health statistics were obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and the Iowa Department of Public Health.
Published September 01, 2011
This 1997 paper estimates the value of a relatively new form of recreation: mountain biking. Its popularity has resulted in many documented conflicts, and its value must be estimated so an informed decision regarding trail allocation can be made. A travel cost model (TCM) is used to estimate the economic benefits, measured by consumer surplus, to the users of mountain bike trails near Moab, Utah.
This manuscript explains how mountain biking is related to public health and the issues underlying trail access in the United States.
In recent years, competitive mountain biking has attracted the interest of sport scientists, and a small but growing number of physiological studies have been published. The aim of this review is to provide a synthesis of this literature and directions for future research.
Oakridge provides but one example of a rural community experiencing economic and social decline.