published Jul 1, 2007
USDA Forest Service
An updated edition of the industry standard, "Trail Construction and Maintenance Notebook," first released in 1996.
published Aug 3, 2003
Jim Murphy with Back Country Horsemen of America
Trail conflict occurs: among different user groups, among different users within the same group, and as a result of factors not related to a users' trail activities.
published Aug 1, 1996
North Country National Scenic Trail
The purpose of this handbook is to lay the foundation upon which the North Country NST will achieve a degree of consistency from one segment to another.
published Dec 31, 2006
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources
This 300-page spiral-bound publication, several years in the making, provides a first-ever comprehensive "how-to" guidebook for developing all types of recreational trails.
published Jan 1, 1991
Hugh Duffy with National Park Service
This article introduces the criteria of maximum profile grade relative to the existing cross slope (fall line) as key to the development of natural surface trail projects that are sustainable. Key trail design concepts excerpted from trail documents are presented in this article.
posted Jan 4, 2018
Randy Martin with Trailscape
Designers and land managers should consider the benefits of lengthening trails to lower the average grade while at the same time including short sections that are much steeper.
posted Jan 3, 2018
John Favro with TrailsGuy, LLC Trails Consulting
When you construct or reroute a trail, you are putting a structure on the landscape that will be there, in good or bad condition, for 100 years or more in most places. So why not do it right?
published Jul 14, 2020
Taylor Goodrich with American Trails
Wayfinding signs are the perfect way to easily communicate with trail users and keep them safe and oriented on the trail.