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published Jan 1, 2016
International Mountain Bicycling Association (IMBA)
The emergence of electric bicycles, commonly known as e-bikes, is a rapidly growing
component of the bicycle market in the US. As a transportation option, they represent an opportunity to reduce vehicle use and emissions, as well as the physical barriers to cycling. For use on trails, they present similar opportunities to reduce barriers to cycling but, as a new use, present new challenges for trail management.
published Dec 8, 2019
Taylor Goodrich with American Trails
An interview with Dr. Sheldon Chesky, President & CEO of BioSpan
published Aug 20, 2019
Lois Bachensky with USDA Forest Service
A crusher fine trail combines the rustic feeling of a natural surface trail with a surface type that's durable (but not concrete or asphalt). The natural gravel-like surface feels more like a trail than a hard surfaced path and fits in well with primitive settings.
published Feb 1, 2014
U.S. Access Board,
National Center on Accessibility
In 2007 the National Center on Accessibility (NCA) entered into an agreement with the U.S. Access Board and National Park Service to investigate natural firm and stable surface alternatives when creating accessible pedestrian trails, including crushed stones, packed soil, and other natural material.
posted Mar 21, 2019
American Trails Staff
Finely crushed rock (crusher fines) is a useful alternative to paving trails that accommodates most trail activities.
published Apr 1, 2001
New research suggests that mountain suggests that mountain bikes and boots leave equal wear and tear on trails. How bikers ride and where hikers step may make more of a difference.
posted May 23, 2018
A new asphalt mix was developed and tested to better withstand snowmobile traffic during the winter months, and to provide a more durable surface for summer trail use.
Design and construction guidelines for asphalt trails.
published May 1, 1995
Guidelines for use of Geosynthetic materials in trail construction.
published Aug 1, 2008
This report sorts through the various choices for the most "economical and sustainable" types of trail surfacing options along the proposed Rio Grande Trail corridor from Belen to Sunland Park, New Mexico.
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