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published Jan 1, 2016
International Mountain Bicycling Association (IMBA)
The emergence of electric bicycles, commonly known as e-bikes, is a rapidly growing
component of the bicycle market in the US. As a transportation option, they represent an opportunity to reduce vehicle use and emissions, as well as the physical barriers to cycling. For use on trails, they present similar opportunities to reduce barriers to cycling but, as a new use, present new challenges for trail management.
published May 31, 2009
What is a sustainable trail? Building a sustainable trail system takes into account many factors. Most importantly, a sustainable trail should have as little impact to the environment as possible; this is accomplished through proper trail planning, design, construction and maintenance. A properly built trail will last for generations to come with little maintenance needed and will blend into the natural surroundings.
published Jul 1, 2009
Minnesota Department of Transportation
The growth in recreational trails owned by the State, Cities, Counties, and Park systems over the last 20 plus years has exploded. Most if not all efforts related to recreational trails over these years has been focused on construction of new trails. There have been little organized efforts in trail preservation and or preventive maintenance (PM) methods to extend the usable life of the trails. The agencies that have a PM programs for their recreational trails rely on treatments that started out as highway or street treatments that may have been modified for use on the trails.
published Jan 1, 1999
Santa Clara County Parks
This Trail Maintenance Manual was developed as a field guideline and procedure manual for Park staff responsible for the maintenance, construction, and operation of the Santa Clara County Parks trails’ system.
published Jun 1, 2012
Illinois Center for Transportation
The main objectives of this report were to provide the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) with guidelines for the structural design of bicycle trail pavement and recommendations for bicycle trail pavement maintenance.
published Nov 30, 2004
USDA Forest Service
Trails made with wood chips are difficult for those who use mobility aids because the surface is soft, uneven, and shifting.
published Dec 8, 2019
Taylor Goodrich with American Trails
An interview with Dr. Sheldon Chesky, President & CEO of BioSpan
published Aug 20, 2019
Lois Bachensky with USDA Forest Service
A crusher fine trail combines the rustic feeling of a natural surface trail with a surface type that's durable (but not concrete or asphalt). The natural gravel-like surface feels more like a trail than a hard surfaced path and fits in well with primitive settings.
published Feb 1, 2014
U.S. Access Board,
National Center on Accessibility
In 2007 the National Center on Accessibility (NCA) entered into an agreement with the U.S. Access Board and National Park Service to investigate natural firm and stable surface alternatives when creating accessible pedestrian trails, including crushed stones, packed soil, and other natural material.
posted Mar 21, 2019
American Trails Staff
Finely crushed rock (crusher fines) is a useful alternative to paving trails that accommodates most trail activities.
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